Uthman ibn Affan became caliph on the basis of deliberations and decisions of the hearing committee of six, whose members are elected by the Caliph Umar bin Khattab before he died. The six member committee that was Ali ibn Abi Talib, Uthman ibn Affan, Abdurahman ibn Auf, Sa'ad bin Abi Waqas, ibn Zubayr and Talha bin Awwam Ubaidillah.
Three days after the death of Umar bin Khattab, this six bersidanglah committee.Abdurrahman bin Auff start a conversation by saying who among them who are willing to resign. He then declared himself withdrew from the nomination. Three others followed.Stay Uthman and Ali. Rahman was appointed as the deciding factor. He then met a lot of people asking for their opinion. But public opinion was divided.
That said, most people do tend to choose Uthman. Assembly decided Ustman as caliph.Ali had time to protest. Abdurrahman is Ustman law. They both Umayyad family. As for Ali, as Muhammad, is the family of Hashim. Since long time the two families compete. But Abdurrahman Ali assured that the decision was purely of conscience. Ali then accept that decision.
Then the caliph Uthman ibn Affan became the third and the oldest. At the time appointed, he has aged 70 years. This event occurred in the month of Muharram in 24 AH The announcement made after prayers at the mosque of Medina.
It is time to khalifan the most prosperous and prosperous. It is said that the story until people pilgrimage many times. Even a slave sold in accordance according to weight scales.
He was the first caliph who did the expansion of the mosque of al-Haram (Mecca) and Nabawi Mosque (Medina) because of the more crowded the Muslims who perform the five pillars of Islam (pilgrimage). He had the idea that police security for its people, make a special building for the court and try the case. This has never been done by the previous caliph. Abu Bakr and Umar bin Khattab usually try a case in the mosque.
At the time, sermons Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha prayer come before. So also adzhan first Friday prayers. He ordered the Muslims at that time to revive the vacant lands for agricultural interests.
In his time, widen the expansion of Islamic power. For the first time, Islam has a formidable fleet. Muawiyah ibn Abu Sufyan who control parts of Syria, Palestine and Lebanon to build the fleet. About 1,700 ships used to develop the area into islands in the Mediterranean.Cyprus, Island Rodhes battered. Konstantinopelpun was surrounded.
Achievements during his Caliphate, among others:
Conquer the Syrians, then lift Mu'awiyah as governors.
Conquest of North Africa, and raised Amr bin Ash as governor there.
Arjan and Persians conquered the region.
Conquest of Khorasan and Nashabur in Iran.
Extending the Prophet's Mosque, Medina and the Grand Mosque, Mecca.
Standardize and formalize the so-called Mushaf manuscripts Utsamani, the holy book the Qur'an which is used by all Muslims throughout the world today. Caliph Ustman make five copies of the Quran and Islam spread to various regions.
Every Friday he free a slave (if any)